Mikis Theodorakis ~ Zorbas Suite Ballet ~ 1 ~ Little Star
Orchestre symphonique de Montreal
Choer de l' orchestre symphonique de Montreal
Charles Dutoit - conductor
Ioanna Forti - soprano
Iakovos Kampanelis - lyrics
Part 1 of 4.
Playlist Theodorakis in Classical Music and Arrangements:
This serial of four videos has been and is my "Golden Mikis Theodorakis Serial".
The videos opened my heart, my love for Mikis' music, for Greek music, for Greece, it's people, it's culture, life, history, soul....
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More about "Zorbas"
"Therefore, " Zorbas " has become very representative for my work. I have tried to unite three important currents which influenced my musical creations.
These are: European symphonic music, Greek traditional music and Cretan folk music."
"Deshalb ist "Zorbas" ein für mein Schaffen sehr repräsentatives Werk geworden.
Ich habe darin eine Vereinigung der drei hauptsächlichen
Strömungen verwirklicht, die mein musikalisches Schaffen beeinflußt haben.
Es sind dies: die europäische Sinfonik, die griechische traditionelle Musik und die kretische Volksmusik.
From: All Music Guide (internet)
This full-evening ballet score is a songful yet symphonic work, a reconciliation of two separate streams of the composer's own creative and political history. It presents one of the best-known works of modern Greek literature in ballet form.
Theodorakis was born on the Greek island of Chios, which lies just off the Aegean shoreline of Turkey, in 1925. Politics and the often-violent history of Greece in the twentieth century -- and the composer's efforts to transcend them -- form an inescapable backdrop to discussion of any of his works. He fought of the Communist side of the anti-German Resistance and the subsequent Civil War was imprisoned for five years. A student of Olivier Messiaen, he began a career as a classical, mostly symphonic composer while also emerging as a major Socialist figure.
His 1960 song cycle Epitaphios (words by Yannis Ritsos) impelled him to give up symphonic composition and create a new style of Greek popular music based on folk music and the banned popular form bouzouki. He wrote over 140 songs in this style, many becoming wildly popular hits. In 1966 he began directing his artistic efforts to a reconciliation of the still-polarized Greek political landscape, still essentially a feud between the two sides of the Civil War. He became internationally famous with his score to Michael Kakoyanis' film Zorba the Greek, based on the novel by Nikos Kazantzakis and starring Anthony Quinn: the basis of the instant ballet.
The 1967 military coup in Greece led to his incarceration for three years and exile, from which he led political opposition to the military regime. His surprise backing of a conservative as the best alternative and a focus of reconciliation was successful, but led to attacks from his leftist former friends. In 1980 he ended his populist song career and returned successfully to symphonic composition.
A commission from M. Ernani, the director of the Festival of Verona (Italy) gave Theodorakis an opportunity to reconcile the two sides of his career. The proposal was for a ballet based on the Zorba film and the book. The concerns of the ballet's story are broader than that of the film. Theodorakis, in notes to the ballet, expressed some dissatisfaction with the idea that a man who mostly does nothing but dance and drink is a source of wisdom. The element of the story he stressed in the ballet libretto was more in accord with the lifelong theme of his political and musical work: It is directed toward portraying the horrible effects of long-standing blood feuds.
In this approximately two-hour score for orchestra and chorus Theodorakis introduced numerous songs from the 1960 - 1980 period. Sometimes they are sung in straight popular style by the chorus, and including bouzouki sounds. Other times they are subjected to classical development for dance or action scenes.
The whole score is designed to lead to the concluding symphonic treatment of the famous dance theme from the Zorba film. It received its premiere in Verona in 1988. ~